Available at: https://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/theses/97
Date of Award
MS in Computer Science
Hugh M. Smith
The General Direction Routing Protocol (GDRP) is a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN)
multi-path routing protocol which abstracts localization information (commonly GPS
coordinates) into relative direction information in order to perform routing decisions. By
generating relative direction information GDRP is able to operate with fewer precision
requirements than other protocols. This abstraction also allows the integration of other emerging
hardware-based localization techniques, for example, Beamforming Sensor Arrays.
GDRP does not specifically address the next hop a packet should take, but instead specifies a
direction it should travel. This direction abstraction allows for multiple paths to be taken through
the network thus enhancing network robustness to node mobility and failures. This indirect
addressing scheme also provides a solution to sensor node unique identification.
GDRP is simulated in a custom simulator written in Java. This simulator supports interfaces
for multiple protocols for layers 1, 2, 3, and 7 of the OSI model. For performance comparisons,
GDRP is compared against multiple WSN routing protocols. GDRP operates with a significantly
lower setup cost in terms of bytes transmitted and a lower setup latency for networks of varying
sizes. It also demonstrates an exponentially lower routing cost when compared to another multi-
path routing protocol due to a more efficient packet propagation in the network.