Available at: https://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/theses/515
Date of Award
MS in Aerospace Engineering
In the past, research into Short Takeoff and Landing aircraft has led to the investigation of the coupling of a Circulation Control Wing and Upper Surface Blowing engine. The Circulation Control Wing entrains the flow of the engine to be deflected downward such that a component of the thrust is now in the vertical direction. The unfortunate consequence of the Upper Surface Blowing engine is the poor cruise performance due to scrub drag. Cal Poly's research into a Cruise Efficient Short Takeoff and Landing Aircraft offers a solution by pylon mounting over the wing engines. Analysis shows that the engine thrust is still deflected downward resulting in very high lift coefficients above 6.6. In the culmination of this project Cal Poly would like to find a correlation between the location of the engine and the deflection angle of the thrust.
The results of this study show some engine deflection for an over the wing engine. The configurations explored were able to provide 3°-8.5° of deflection. The deflection falls short of the results by previous static and wind tunnel tests of upper surface blowing engines. The results show that the closer to the wing and further forward the engine is located the more engine deflection will be seen. This paper explores the trends of coupling an over the wing engine with a circulation control wing as well as compare the results to the idealized claims of previous experiments.