Date of Award


Degree Name

MS in Agriculture - Recreation, Parks and Tourism Management


Jeffrey Jacobs


The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of perceived risk from high elements in a challenge course on group cohesion. Participants who have not participated in a challenge course will be selected from a First Year Experience cohort at a California State University (n=100). Six randomly selected teams of 12 to 17 people will participate in three and a half hour challenge course programs. Half of the groups completed only low elements, while the other half completed a combination of low and high elements. A pre, mid, and post test of the Group Cohesion Evaluation Questionnaire was administered. A One-way ANOVA between groups was performed to find statistical differences. It is hypothesized that participants will feel an increase in group cohesion as a result of perceived risk from high elements as opposed to those who participate in low elements only and do not feel perceived risk.