Date of Award


Degree Name

MS in Computer Science


Computer Science


College of Engineering


Sumona Mukhopadhyay

Advisor Department

Computer Science

Advisor College

College of Engineering


This research focuses on addressing two pertinent problems in machine learning (ML) which are (a) the supervised classification of time series and (b) the need for large amounts of labeled images for training supervised classifiers. The novel contributions are two-fold. The first problem of time series classification is addressed by proposing to transform time series into domain-specific 2D features such as scalograms and recurrence plot (RP) images. The second problem which is the need for large amounts of labeled image data, is tackled by proposing a new way of using a reinforcement learning (RL) technique as a supervised classifier by using multimodal (joint representation) scalograms and RP images. The motivation for using such domain-specific features is that they provide additional information to the ML models by capturing domain-specific features (patterns) and also help in taking advantage of state-of-the-art image classifiers for learning the patterns from these textured images. Thus, this research proposes a multimodal fusion (MMF) - deep reinforcement learning (DRL) approach as an alternative technique to traditional supervised image classifiers for the classification of time series. The proposed MMF-DRL approach produces improved accuracy over state-of-the-art supervised learning models while needing fewer training data. Results show the merit of using multiple modalities and RL in achieving improved performance than training on a single modality. Moreover, the proposed approach yields the highest accuracy of 90.20% and 89.63% respectively for two physiological time series datasets with fewer training data in contrast to the state-of-the-art supervised learning model ChronoNet which gave 87.62% and 88.02% accuracy respectively for the two datasets with more training data.