Date of Award


Degree Name

MS in Mechanical Engineering


Mechanical Engineering


College of Engineering


Mohammad Noori

Advisor Department

Mechanical Engineering

Advisor College

College of Engineering


Total knee arthroscopy is one of the most performed and most successful orthopedic surgeries, with nearly a million procedures performed in 2020 in the United States alone. Due to changing patient demographics, the use of cementless fixation for implant stability is becoming more prevalent amongst recipients. Cementless implants rely on the surface morphology of a porous coating to bond implant to bone; the quality of this bond is dependent on an interference fit and the roughness, or coefficient of friction, between implant and bone. Stress shielding is a comparison of the properties in implanted bone to natural bone; it is a commonly used measurable when using a finite element model to optimize implant design. The purpose of this study is to investigate how different coating types (coefficients of friction) and the location of their application affect the stress shielding response in the tibia.

A finite element model was constructed to investigate the impact of these variables. The results concluded that the stress distribution in an implanted tibia is dependent on the coefficient of friction applied at the tip of the stem. Lower friction coefficients applied to the stem tip resulted in higher compressive stresses, and higher friction coefficients resulted in lower compressive stresses. Thus, lower friction coefficients provided more favorable stress shielding responses, however, at the expense of stress concentrations of greater magnitude.

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Engineering Commons