Date of Award


Degree Name

MS in Agriculture - Crop Science


Horticulture and Crop Science


College of Agriculture, Food, and Environmental Sciences


Shunping Ding

Advisor Department

Horticulture and Crop Science

Advisor College

College of Agriculture, Food, and Environmental Sciences


Botrytis bunch rot, caused by Botrytis cinerea, is a fungal disease that primarily affects the fruit of wine grapes. Infection of fruit consequently results in reduced yields and wine quality. These factors lead to significant economic losses for growers which prompts the implementation of management practices to control the disease. One objective of this study was to evaluate the level of resistance that populations of B. cinerea in the Central Coast region showed to various chemicals. A fungicide assay was conducted to determine resistant phenotypes to six fungicide active ingredients (pyrimethanil, iprodione, fenhexamid, fludioxonil, trifloxystrobin, boscalid). Thirty-five (2020) and 88 (2021) B. cinerea isolates were collected from Santa Maria, Cambria, Paso Robles, and Edna Valley in California and screened for resistance. The frequencies of populations (2020, 2021) showing resistance to each active ingredient were: pyrimethanil (94.3%, 81.8%), trifloxystrobin (97.1%, 100%), boscalid (77.1%, 77.3%), fenhexamid (8.6%, 25%). The majority of isolates were sensitive to iprodione (100%, 100%), fludioxonil (100%, 100%), fenhexamid (88.6%, 75%), and boscalid (22.9%, 22.7%). These results documented the accumulation of resistance in B. cinerea to various fungicides commonly used for Botrytis bunch rot management in California’s Central Coast. Another objective of this study was to determine the effective concentration of the six fungicides that reduces mycelial growth of the fungus by 50% (EC50). Seven B. cinerea isolates in 2020 and ten isolates in 2021 were selected and subjected to a sensitivity screening with serial dilutions of the different fungicide active ingredients. The fungicides found to have the highest EC50 values indicating reduced efficacy for inhibiting B. cinerea growth were Scala® (FRAC 9), Flint® (FRAC 11), and Endura® (FRAC 7). The fungicides found to have the lowest EC50 values indicating higher efficacy for inhibiting B. cinerea growth were Scholar® (FRAC 12) and Rovral® (FRAC 2). The results from this study provided information regarding the accumulated resistance of B. cinerea populations to certain chemical groups and therefore the efficacy of different fungicide active ingredients. This information can be utilized by growers as a tool to enhance and develop fungicide spray programs that effectively manage Botrytis bunch rot in Central Coast vineyards.