Date of Award


Degree Name

MS in Electrical Engineering


Electrical Engineering


College of Engineering


Tina Smilkstein

Advisor Department

Electrical Engineering

Advisor College

College of Engineering


Falls in the disabled and elderly people have been a cause of concern as they can be immobilized by the fall and have no way to contact others and seek assistance. The proposed frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) short range radar (SRR) system, which uses ultra-wideband (UWB) signals can provide immediate assistance by monitoring and detecting fall events. The unique characteristics of this system allow for a frequency-based modulation system to carry out triangulation and sense the location of the fall through the usage of a continuous chirp signal that linearly sweeps frequency. This project focuses on the development, design and simulation of a ring oscillator that exhibits the frequency modulated signal on a single integrated circuit chip. The ring oscillator is controlled by a voltage ramp signal generator and a voltage to current (V-I) converter. The circuit is designed in Cadence using TSMC 180nm process technology and operates in the frequency range of 3.409 GHz to 5.349 GHz with a spectral bandwidth of 1.94 GHz, which meets the Federal Communications Commission’s standards for unlicensed ultra-wideband transmissions.