Available at: https://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/theses/1883
Date of Award
MS in Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
An experimental study of several variants of radius and strut angle of the body centered cubic unit cell was performed to determine the mechanical properties and failure mechanisms of the mesostructure. Quasi static compression tests were performed on an Instron® universal testing machine with a 50kN load cell at 0.2mm/min. The test samples were built using a SLM Solutions 125 selective laser melting machine with 316L stainless steel. Test specimens were based on 5mm cubic unit cells, with a strut diameter 10% of the unit cell size, with skins on top and bottom to provide a cantilever boundary constraint. Specimens were inspected for dimensional accuracy using precision calipers and inspected for morphology using a MicroVu® macroscope. The compressive properties of the mesostructure was compared to the compressive properties of macrostructure. The BCC unit cell behaves significantly different at the boundary layer of a constrained lattice. The failure mode at the boundary is characterized by plastic bending within the microstruts while the non boundary layer cells fail via plastic bending at the node. Manufacturing compensation parameters were determined for part shrinkage and droop. Two predictive numerical models were developed, based on the Gibson-Ashby model of cellular solids, as well as a finite element model. Numerical results did not agree well with the experimental results, indicating that the droop observed on the structures significantly affects the mechanical properties of the overall structure. The 25% radius cubic unit cell and 3^3 lattice withstood the greatest stress of all specimens tested and exhibited nearly ideal plastic deformation behavior.