Date of Award


Degree Name

MS in Industrial Engineering


Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


Jianbiao Pan


Flexible Hybrid Electronics (FHEs) offer many advantages to the future of wearable technology. By combining the dynamic performance of conductive inks, and the functionality of ultra-thinned, traditional IC technology, new FHE devices allow for development of applications previously excluded by relying on a specific type of electronics technology.

The characterization and reliability analysis of stretchable conductive inks paired with ultra-thin silicon die in theµm range was conducted. A silver based ink designed to be stretchable was screen printed on a TPU substrate and cured using box oven, conveyor convection oven, and photonic curing processes. Reliability tests were conducted including a tape test, crease test, wash test, and abrasion test. Optimization of each curing process resulted in all three methods’ ability to achieve the ink sheet resistance specification of <75mΩ/square/25µm. Reliability tests on the printing concluded that, if fully cured, all samples achieve similar reliability performance. Additionally, a series of 10 mm x 10 mm ultra-thin die were characterized using stylus profilometry and optical measurement in order to test the die quality and readiness for assembly. The die had been thinned from an initial thickness down of 600 µm to a target of 50 µm. A direct inverse relationship was shown between die thickness and die warpage, likely due to high levels of internal stress caused by the dicing and thinning process. Finally, an innovate pairing of serpentine copper clad traces on TPU was tested for reliability performance using traditional solder for die attachment.