Date of Award


Degree Name

MS in Industrial Engineering


Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


Jianbiao Pan


Recent advancements in corrosion-resistance coating technology has reduce the use of environmentally harmful compounds such as Hexavalent Chromium by replacing Hexavalent Chromium in primers and topcoat. However, marking inks were neglected in the process. Products such as Enthone 50 series are still widely used, which contain compounds such as lead, hexavalent chromium, bisphenol A (BPA), Cadmium Sulfide, and more. Excluding catalyst compositions in Enthone, the chemicals in the ink alone contained three reproductive toxicant and numerous carcinogens. Therefore, it was essential to search and validate the performance of potential marking ink that would meet the standards in military applications.

Eleven products were tested, and two products were recommended for use: Sherwin Williams MIL-PRF-22750 Type I and Union Ink Uniglaze. Both products contain at most one carcinogen ingredient and no reproductive toxicant. Both products passed MIL-STD 202G Method 215K solvent test, MIL-STD 202G Method 107G thermal shock test, MIL-STD-810G, Method 507.5 humidity test, cleaning system test, ASTM D3359, measure adhesion by tape test.