For automotive applications, passive flow control devices can be used to reduce, delay or prevent flow separation. This study explores the nature of vortex generation and behaviour, numerically and experimentally, for a simple geometry at a Reynolds Number (Rex) of 5×105 and 1.945×106. The setup comprised a triangular vane vortex-generator mounted on a shallow ramp referenced from literature. Flow over the isolated ramp was validated with past experimental particle-image-velocimetry (PIV) data, which also highlighted the relative performance of various turbulence models. A parametric study was undertaken with the vane orientation defined by an angle-of-attack (β) and stream-wise location (xedge/xVG). These results revealed relationships between geometric parameters of the vortex generator, as well as the influence of the boundary layer thickness (hVG/δ), on the spatial trajectory of induced vortices.


Aerospace Engineering



URL: https://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/aero_fac/139