Published in Public Health Nutrition, Volume 15, Issue 3, March 1, 2012, pages 415-423.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980011001820.
Objective: To examine associations of education and occupation, as indicators of socio-economic position (SEP), with dietary intake and diet quality in a sample of Chinese immigrant women.
Design: Cross-sectional. Data collection included four days of dietary recalls and information on education and current occupation for participants and their spouses.
Setting: Philadelphia, PA, USA.
Subjects: Chinese immigrant women (n 423) recruited from October 2005 to April 2008.
Results: In multivariate models, both higher education level and occupation category were significantly associated with higher energy density and intake of energy and sugar. Education was additionally associated with intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (P = 0·01) and lower dietary moderation (P = 0·01). With joint categorization based on both education and occupation, we observed significant trends indicating higher energy density (P = 0·004) and higher intake of energy (P = 0·001) and sugar (P = 0·04), but less dietary moderation (P = 0·02) with higher SEP.
Conclusions: In this sample of US Chinese immigrants, higher SEP as indicated by education level and occupation category was associated with differences in dietary intake and with less dietary moderation. While higher SEP is typically linked to healthier diet in higher-income nations, in these immigrants the association of SEP with diet follows the pattern of their country of origin – a lower-income country undergoing the nutrition transition.