Postprint version. Published in Journal of Conflict Resolution, Volume 46, Issue 6, June 1, 2002, pages 365-393. Copyright © 2002 Sage Publications. The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022002702046003003.
NOTE: At the time of publication, the author Eric Fisher was not yet affiliated with Cal Poly.
An agent-based model in which economic exchange and military conflict are emergent processes is used to explore the relationship between trade and war. The model of exchange is an applied analysis of the economics of trading networks. The model of conflict treats war as a breakdown in interstate bargaining due to incomplete information. The simulations explore how initial economic geography, state revisionism, defensive advantage, and technological advancement akin to globalization affect both trade and war. The results show that the relationship between trade and war depends on third factors, and an inverse relationship between trade and war emerges from compact geographies with revisionist states.