College - Author 1

College of Liberal Arts

Department - Author 1

Interdisciplinary Studies in Liberal Arts Department

Degree Name - Author 1

BA in Interdisciplinary Studies



Primary Advisor

Emily Ryalls, College of Liberal Arts, Interdisciplinary Studies Department


Humans are naturally drawn to the water by wind and tide. It is a place of solace that we have a desire to know deeply, yet we have kept one another from experiencing it through biases that perpetuate inequality. White-supremacist hegemony has historically kept communities of color from coastlines, women from lineups, and queer communities from participating in surf culture. As more people from all social groups return to the water through surfing in the 20th century, surf culture needs to adapt to become more inclusive. This paper outlines surf culture's historical transition into whiteness and how female beauty standards as well as LGBTQ+ communities are affected by white racial dominance and how surf culture is transitioning to become more inclusive.