Available at: https://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/theses/630
Date of Award
MS in Engineering - Materials Engineering
Nickel super alloy Inconel 718 was tested and compared to Haynes 230 using Gleeble and Varestraint mechanical test methods. Hot cracking susceptibility was examined in either alloy using a sub-scale Varestraint test method at 5 augmented strain levels: 0.25%, 05.%, 1%, 2%, and 4%. Maximum crack length, total crack length, and number of cracks were measured for each strain level. Gleeble hot ductility on-heating and on-cooling tests were performed on both alloys. Inconel 718 was tested on-heating at target temperatures of 1600˚F, 2000˚F, 2100˚F, 2200˚F, and on cooling at 1600˚F, 1700˚F, 1800˚F, 1900˚F, and 2100˚F. Haynes 230 was tested on-heating at target temperatures of 2050 ˚F, 2200 ˚F, 2240 ˚F, 2330 ˚F, and on-cooling at 1800 ˚F, 1900 ˚F, 1990 ˚F, 2040 ˚F, 2090 ˚F, 2100 ˚F, 2140 ˚F, and 2190 ˚F. Ductility in Gleeble samples was measured in a reduction of surface area. A nil-strength temperature was established for either alloy. The nil-strength temperature was 2251˚F and 2411˚F, for Inconel 718 and Haynes 230, respectively. The nil ductility temperature <5% R/A) was 2188˚F for Inconel 718 and 2341˚F for Haynes 230. Ductility recovery temperature occurred at 1924˚F for Inconel 718 and 2147˚F for Haynes 230. The brittle temperature range was determined to be 326˚F for Inconel 718 and 228˚F for Haynes 230. Varestraint testing revealed that Inconel 718 had a lower threshold strain for crack initiation than Haynes 230 (0.5% vs 1%), and a higher number of cracks, as well as a larger maximum crack length, at every strain level. These results show a greater tendency for liquation cracks to form in Inconel 718 than in Haynes 230.