Date of Award


Degree Name

Master of City and Regional Planning/MS in Engineering (Transportation Planning Specialization)


City and Regional Planning


Dr. Cornelius Nuworsoo


The purpose of this report was to analyze the elements of a bus stop consolidation program for the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (SFMTA). This research shows that increasing stop spacing distances increases walking distances, but in places with high transit and stop density, most access distances will not be beyond a five to ten minute walk. In general, European cities with high transit mode shares recommend stops every 1300 feet. American guidelines recommend stops between approximately 800 to 1300 feet. According to the literature review, fewer stops can lead to a more reliable service. Time savings on the route also translate into significant cost savings for the agency. This paper presents a methodology for creating stop elimination proposals based on factors such as ridership, transfer points, and existing bus shelters or infrastructure. Public input can help to determine which bus stops are key locations. This methodology was used to propose stop consolidation for one bus route in San Francisco: Route 1 California Inbound. The route was then evaluated based on information from the literature review. The yearly savings can be as much as $340,000 to $930,000 per route.