Date of Award


Degree Name

MS in Electrical Engineering


Electrical Engineering


Clay McKell


This thesis contains the design and simulation test results for the implementation of a new all-wheel drive (AWD) torque vectoring (TV) control system. A separate algorithm using standard control methods is included in this study for a comparison. The proposed controller was designed to be applied to an AWD independent drive electric vehicle, however the main concepts can be re-purposed for other vehicle drive train configurations. The purpose of the control system is to assist the driver in achieving a desired vehicle trajectory whilst also maintaining stability and control of the vehicle. This is accomplished by measuring various real time parameters of the vehicle and using this information as feedback for the control system to act on. The focus of this thesis resides on the controller. Hence, this study assumes perfect observation of feedback parameters, therefore some uncertainties are not accounted for. Using feedback parameters, the control system will manage wheel slip whilst simultaneously generating a torque around the center of gravity of the vehicle by applying a torque differential between the left and right wheels.

The proposed TV algorithm is simulated in MATLAB/Simulink along with another separate TV algorithm for comparison. Both algorithms are comprised of two main parts: a slip ratio controller applied to each wheel individually and stability controller that manages yaw rate and side slip of the vehicle. The new algorithm leverages the super twisting algorithm for the slip ratio controller and uses a fusion of a linear quadratic regulator with the integral term of a super twisting algorithm to implement the yaw rate and side slip controller. The other algorithm used for comparison derives its implementation for the slip ratio controller and yaw rate and side slip controllers from simple and standard first order sliding mode control methods.

Both control algorithms were tested in three different main tests: anti-lock braking, sine dwell (SD) steering, and constant steering angle (CSA) tests. To increase the comprehensive nature of the study, the SD and CSA tests were simulated at 3 speeds (30,50, and 80 mph) and the steering angle parameter was varied from 2 to 24 degrees in increments of 2. The result of this study proves that the proposed controller is a feasible option for use in theory. Simulated results show advantages and disadvantages of the new controller with respect to the standard comparison controller. Both controllers are also shown to provide positive impacts on the vehicle response under most test conditions.