Published in Academe, Volume 92, Issue 5, January 1, 2006, pages 34-.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.2307/40253491.
Academic freedom protects professors from institutional censorship or discipline when they exercise their basic rights as citizens. One of those rights is that to examine official documents to see how public funds are spent and learn how decisions are made. The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) guarantees this right for federal records; open-records or “sunshine” laws do so for state records.
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The article originally appeared in the September–October 2006 issue of Academe.