BS in Physics
The tight empirical relation between the stellar velocity dispersion (sigma) of the bulge and the mass of the supermassive black hole (BH) at its center indicates a close connection between galactic evolution and BH growth. The evolution of this relation with cosmic time provides valuable clues to its origin. While the mass of the BH can be easily estimated using the Doppler broadening of the Hbeta emission line in type I active galactic nuclei (AGNs), measuring sigma simultaneously is challenging, since the nuclear emission outshines the host galaxy. Thus, it is highly desirable to find an alternative way to estimate sigma. In the literature, the width of the [OIII] emission line has been used as a surrogate, assuming that the narrow-line region follows the gravitational potential of the bulge. While the [OIII] line has the great advantage of being easily measurable in AGNs out to large redshifts, it is also known to be affected by outflows and jets. For a sample of about 100 nearby active galaxies, we determine the width of the [OIII] line using two Gaussians to exclude any outflowing component. The resulting width is compared to a single Gaussian fit and Gauss-Hermite polynomial fit, and finally to sigma measurements previously compiled from Keck spectroscopy for the entire sample to determine the method's viability. It is found that though subtracting the wing component makes for a much better fit, there is significant scatter in each of the fits, implying no linear relation between the width of [OIII] and sigma.