Published in Physics Letters B, Volume 612, Issue 3-4, April 21, 2005, pages 181-189.
STAR is composed of 63 institutions from 13 countries, with a total of 611 collaborators. A variety of personnel participate in the collaboration, including students, university faculty and staff, national laboratory staff, and engineers.
For more information on the STAR Collaboration, visit https://www.star.bnl.gov
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2004.12.082.
We report the STAR measurement of ϕ meson production in Au+Au and p+p collisions at sNN=200GeV. Using the event mixing technique, the ϕ spectra and yields are obtained at mid-rapidity for five centrality bins in Au+Au collisions and for non-singly-diffractive p+pcollisions. It is found that the ϕ transverse momentum distributions from Au+Au collisions are better fitted with a single-exponential while the p+p spectrum is better described by a double-exponential distribution. The measured nuclear modification factors indicate that ϕproduction in central Au+Au collisions is suppressed relative to peripheral collisions when scaled by the number of binary collisions (〈Nbin〉). The systematics of 〈pt〉 versus centrality and the constant ϕ/K− ratio versus beam species, centrality, and collision energy rule out kaon coalescence as the dominant mechanism for ϕ production.
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NOTE: At the time of publication, the author Thomas Gutierrez was not yet affiliated with Cal Poly.