Postprint version. Published in Physical Review A, Volume 57, Issue 6, June 1, 1998, pages 4616-4620.
NOTE: At the time of publication, the author Thomas Bensky was not yet affiliated with Cal Poly.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.57.4616.
The oscillation between bound-state configurations in a rapidly autoionizing three-body Coulomb system has been directly observed. Using a 500-fsec laser pulse, calcium atoms are excited to the pure 4p3/215d two-electron configuration at an energy greater than 3 eV above the ionization limit. As a result of configuration interaction, the electrons scatter coherently into multiple bound and continuum configurations. The oscillation between the degenerate 4p1/2n′d and 4p3/2nd modes as well as autoionization into 4s1/2εl, 3d3/2εl, and 3d5/2εl continua are observed explicitly using bound-state interferometry. The measured time dependence of the 4p3/215d character is in excellent agreement with the Fourier transform of the frequency domain excitation cross section. To our knowledge, this is the first experimental demonstration of the equivalence of time and frequency domain spectra in a multiconfigurational system involving bound and continuum channels.