College - Author 1

College of Liberal Arts

Department - Author 1

Philosophy Department

Degree Name - Author 1

BA in Philosophy



Primary Advisor

Joe Lynch


In his book The Language of New Media, Lev Manovich claims the index is an ontological condition of cinema. Manovich asserts digital cinema can never be indexical and therefore has fundamentally altered the very nature of cinema, reducing it to a form of animation. This paper offers a refutation of Manovich’s redefinition of cinema, showing that digital cinema can be indexical, but indexicality is not an ontological condition of cinema.

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