The California State University (CSU) has an ambitious objective, the Graduation Initiative 2025. This is a plan to dramatically improve four-year and six-year graduation rates for all students while simultaneously eliminating all differences in graduation rates – called achievement gaps – between underrepresented students. These groups include minority students and non-underrepresented minority students, lowincome Pell Grant eligible students and non-low-income non- Pell Grant eligible students, and first-generation students and non-first-generation students. In this paper, I argue that the initiative largely fails to address many root problems facing CSU students’ slow graduation rates, most importantly the effects of cost of attendance on student’s time to degree. In my critique of the initiative, I conclude that the plan must account more for nontraditional and low-income students through making courses more accessible and adjusting high tuition and cost of living.