Arts and Humanities | Modern Languages | Modern Literature
Published in Alpha, Volume 29, December 1, 2009, pages 209-301.
“Winning is not convincing” was the response of the Rector of the University of Salamanca, Miguel de Unamuno, when faced with the military arrogance of General Millán-Astray during the Spanish Civil War. Speaking truth to power, these last public words uttered by Unamuno rise up as the capstone of the courageous defense of freedom of conscience by an academic against despotism. Here we analyze his literary and philosophical thought throughout a life of writings consistent with his personal sufferings on behalf of conscience. His multiple witnesses in defense of freedom of thought, expression and action are based on deep meditation seen in his essays, poems and letters.