College - Author 1

College of Liberal Arts

Department - Author 1

Psychology and Child Development Department

Degree Name - Author 1

BS in Psychology

College - Author 2

College of Science and Mathematics

Department - Author 2

Kinesiology and Public Health Department



Primary Advisor

Jafra Thomas, College of Science and Mathematics, Kinesiology and Public Health Department

Additional Advisors

Jessica Kaczorowski, College of Liberal Arts, Psychology and Child Development Department


Background. This presentation began as an undergraduate end-of-term course project focused on sport, media, and American popular culture (April to June 2023). The poster presentation was originally presented at the 2023 annual conference of the Southwest Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine (SWACSM), following peer-review acceptance of the project summary statement (i.e. abstract) for conference presentation.

Purpose. The presentation is published here to Cal Poly Digital Commons as a resource to future students and professionals studying topics covered in the presentation (e.g. sociological theories, cultural values and risks, sports ethic).

Resources. This webpage has several resources described below. It consists of a copy of the abstract, a copy of the poster presented at the conference (see below), and a document listing full references used for the abstract and poster presentation (see below).

Acknowledgements. This presentation is a follow-up project to one group project from the undergraduate course, KINE 324 (Sport, Media & American Popular Culture) at Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo (2023 Spring Quarter). The first author of this presentation was a member of the class project group, and the authors thank the four other student members of the group project that laid the foundation to the present presentation (E. Martinez; S. Robles; L. Rumon; & A. Whitey). This presentation was supported by a 2023 SWACSM Student Travel Grant Award (to AVW). The authors thank Dr. Jessica Kaczorowski (Department of Psychology and Child Development at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo) for granting the first author permission to use the follow-up project to partially fill requirements for her research internship course (PSY 445 - Research Internship I). The second author (JDT) served as the project supervisor for PSY 448, and was the KINE 324 course instructor. He serves as an assistant professor in the Department of Kinesiology and Public Health, at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo.