Postprint version. Published in Packaging Technology and Science, Volume 21, Issue 8, December 1, 2008, pages 453-466.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1002/pts.787.
This paper provides results from a comprehensive data measurement study that analyzed the vibration dynamics produced inside the trailers used for less-than truckload (LTL) shipments. The trailers used for this segment of the package transportation environment are very different in size and suspension than those used for full truckload shipments. This study measured the vertical, lateral and longitudinal vibration inside a trailer as a function of road surface. In addition, the study developed a video showing freight movement inside the trailer to determine physical displacement and shifting of the loads. A set of recommendations was developed to safely load and transport LTL shipments to reduce damage claims.