May 7, 2010, pages 1-18.
Cognates are words that are orthographically, semantically, and syntactically similar in two languages. There are over 20,000 Spanish-English cognates in the Spanish and English languages. Research has shown that cognates facilitate vocabulary acquisition and reading comprehension for language learners when compared to non-cognate words. Language researchers often require calibrated materials to study the effects of word characteristics on learning and memory. In this study, orthographic transparency ratings for five hundred nouns drawn from the Paivio, Yuille, and Madigan (1968) imagery norms were collected.