Department - Author 1

Graphic Communication Department

Degree Name - Author 1

BS in Graphic Communication



Primary Advisor

Colleen Twomey


The purpose of this study was to identify the possible health hazards in food packaging and evaluate each component of food packaging for risks and potential improvements. There have been recent cases in which contaminants have been identified in various food packaging products that pose potential harm to consumers. National authorities, like the Food and Drug Administration and the European Food Standards Agency, regulate these contaminants and create regulations for industry standards.

Contaminants travel from food packaging to the food-surface through a process called migration. Migration varies depending on the usage of different substrates, inks, varnishes, and printing technologies. Each of these elements contains unique chemical characteristics which affect the amount of migration that occurs in packaging. As the food packaging industry is expanding, new contaminants are being introduced and toxicological tests need to be carried out to create migration thresholds and safer food packages.