Department - Author 1

Graphic Communication Department

Degree Name - Author 1

BS in Graphic Communication



Primary Advisor

Malcolm Keif


The purpose of the study is to determine if a printed electronic device can be adaptable to the visually impaired, the role that accessible design has in the development of printed electronics, and to determine if integrating accessible design prohibits usability and performance.The findings will provide better understanding of how to modify a printed electronic paper device to suit a wider range of end users and the relationship of usability and accessibility in printed electronics.

Experts in the field were interviewed to get information and feedback about the project.Also, a human research experiment was conducted.Cal Poly students, from different areas and departments were included to see if, based on the experiment results, an accessibility based design could be integrated into a pre-existing foldable printed electronic and to better understand the role of ability based design in the acceptance of a product.

The analysis of the results indicated that accessible design can be integrated into a pre-existing e-paper to improve the overall usability. However, while accessible design could be beneficial to printed electronics, the integration of accessible design will not be easily integrated until printed electronics has left its infancy stage.Accessible design is not a requirement to printed electronics but as the industry grows, manufactures are expected to create more accessible products.If designers are able to understand the requirements of end users, it can and will lead to better innovative products.