MS in Fire Protection Engineering
College of Engineering
Fred Mowrer and Chris Pascual
The purpose of this fire and life safety analysis is to determine whether Cal Poly’s Center for Science and Mathematics (CSM) meets fire safety goals. The primary fire safety goal is to provide building occupants with an environment that is reasonably safe from fire. This goal can be achieved by protecting the occupants not intimate with the initial fire development and improving survivability of those occupants intimate with the initial fire development, (NFPA 101, 2006). A prescriptive-based design approach and a performance-based design approach are used to evaluate building safety. The prescriptive-based approach is used to evaluate the building’s structural fire protection systems, fire detection and alarm systems, fire suppression systems and egress design. The performance-based design approach is used to analyze how the building will perform in the event of a fire. The performance-based approach evaluates the building based on the required safe egress time (RSET) and available safe egress time (ASET) for occupants to evacuate the building safely in the event of a fire. A Smoke Management Study was conducted to predict the effects of fire within the atrium space of the CSM using natural ventilation to control smoke. The study is evaluated in this report using hand calculation methods and two computer software programs, Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) and Pathfinder to determine if occupant safety is sufficient. Recommendations to improve building fire safety are discussed based on the results of this fire and life safety analysis.