A detector array spectrometer simultaneously monitors wavelength, power, and signal-to-noise ratio of wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) channels in telecommunication networks. A spectrometer spatially separates signals from the WDM channels according to the channels' wavelengths. The separated signals are incident on an array of split-detectors that conforms to the spatial separation of the signals provided by the spectrometer. While the split-detectors are positioned to receive a signal from each WDM channel, a noise detector is positioned between adjacent split-detectors to measure noise. A common mode output from two halves of each split-detector indicates the power in a WDM channel, while a differential output from the halves indicates wavelength deviations in the WDM channels. The ratio of the common mode signal to the noise detector signal is used to monitor the signal-to-noise ratio of the WDM channel. An angled diffraction grating in the spectrometer achieves compact size and high measurement resolution for the detector array spectrometer.


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Number of Pages


Publisher statement

Also available from the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Website: http://www.uspto.gov.



URL: https://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/eeng_fac/71