Proceedings of InterSymp-2007: The 19th International Conference on Systems Research, Informatics and Cybernetics: Baden-Baden, Germany, July 31, 2007, pages 1-114. The International Institute for Advanced Studies in Systems Research and Cybernetics and Society for Applied Systems Research.
Publisher's website: http://www.iias.edu
For the past 20 years commercial corporations and government agencies have suffered under the limitations of stove-piped computer software applications that function as discrete entities within a fragmented data-processing environment. In the United States of America (US) military services, lack of interoperability has been identified by numerous think tanks, advisory boards, and studies, as the primary information systems problem (e.g., Army Science Board 2000, Air Force SAB 2000 Command and Control Study, and NSB Network-Centric Naval Forces 2000). Yet, despite this level of attention, all attempts to achieve interoperability within the current data-centric information systems environment have proven to be expensive, unreliable, and generally unsuccessful.