Postprint version. Published in Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Volume 131, Issue 2, March 1, 2005, pages 190-196.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9437(2005)131:2(190).
Canals or open channels that convey water often consist of pools in series separated by control structures. Successful implementation of water-level control with these structures using decentralized proportional integral (PI) controllers depends heavily on the tuning of the control parameters. These parameters are hard to determine due to the interactions between the pools and the varying flow conditions in the canal. This paper presents a procedure for tuning any linear controller (including decentralized PI controllers) that guarantees stability of the controlled canal. It minimizes a cost function that weights the water-level deviations from the target level against control efforts at both low-and high-flow conditions. The procedure is tested on a model of the Umatilla Stanfield Branch Furnish Canal in Oregon. The tests show the capability of the procedure to deal with the pool interactions. The results of a realistic turnout schedule applied to the controlled canal show the high performance of the controllers (small water-level deviations in all pools) over varying flow conditions.
Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering