Date of Award

12-2012

Degree Name

MS in Biomedical Engineering

Department

Biomedical and General Engineering

Advisor

Dr. Lily Laiho

Abstract

MEASURING IMPEDANCE OF TISSUES USING A MICROFABRICATED MICROELECTRODE ARRAY By Ashwini Bhat

This thesis looks at the possibility of using impedance spectroscopy for differentiating tissue, using a microelectrode array (MEA). The thesis first discusses the background and the motivation for this thesis. It covers the certain basic concepts of the human skin starting from the top epidermis layer all the way to the deep dermis layers of the skin. Then it discusses different types of skin cancer and how they occur, in humans. It also discusses various microfabrication techniques such as oxidation, wet etching, sputtering and photolithography for the creation of a MEA in order to test the tissue. The microfabricated MEA is then used to measure impedance across cooked and raw chicken at different frequencies in order to see if the two types of tissues can be differentiated using their respective impedances. The data shows that the MEA was not able to successfully differentiate the two types of the tissues. It does however list multiple improvements in the fabrication of the MEA and improvements that could be made to the testing procedures which could possible give greater difference in impedance between the two tissues

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