Date of Award
MS in Aerospace Engineering
The mixing performance of multiple transverse jets has been evaluated experimentally. Measurement techniques included laser Doppler velocimetry and planar laser induced fluorescence. Basic findings are consistent with results presented in literature for single jet mixing behavior. Mixing performance has been compared to literature for the single jet case and the Holdeman parameter has been re-evaluated for effectiveness at low jet numbers. A single jet in a confined crossflow was found to have a local minimum at B(d⁄D) = 0.721. Results for two jets indicate monotonically decreasing unmixedness for the range of conditions tested, with no local optimum apparent. Data for three jets indicate a local optimum at B(d⁄D) = 0.87and relatively flat range of mixing performance in the range of 0.75 < B(d⁄D) < 1.5. Six jets indicate a minimum unmixedness near B(d⁄D) = 0.5, but exhibited poorer mixing performance than all other configurations at the highest values of B(d⁄D)tested. The most optimum configuration tested was six jets at B(d⁄D) = 0.5, resulting in an unmixedness of 0.0192. This value was 76% lower than the next lowest configuration (three jets) at the same B(d⁄D).Total momentum was found to collapse the data well, as configurations more closely matched a historical correlation for second moment of a single confined jet more closely.