Date of Award

8-2010

Degree Name

MS in Engineering - Biomedical Engineering

Department

Biomedical and General Engineering

Advisor

David Clague

Abstract

This thesis successfully integrates laminate microfluidic devices with an analytic Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) instrument. Integration was accomplished at low-cost using materials such as polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), Tygon tubing, and a 3-way stopcock. The main components of this thesis are the design and fabrication of the low-cost, in-house fluidics that can integrate with upstream microfluidics and the validation of the in-house fluidics using the Biosensing Instruments BI-2000 SPR instrument. The low-cost fluidics was designed and fabricated “in-house” using a novel investment casting technique that required the use of laser cutting technology to make a master cast, and candle wax to make the fluidic flow gasket.

Integration of upstream microfluidic devices is the next step towards fully integrated point-of-care (POC) diagnostics. Development of low-cost POC diagnostics will enable physicians to diagnosis patients outside of clinical settings, granting treatment access to a much wider population. Surface Plasmon Resonance is used for its detection abilities combined with its ability to perform real-time sample analysis.

Validation of the in-house fluidics was accomplished by conducting (2) experiments: (1) to compare the angular shift elicited by ethanol solutions between in-house fluidics, factory fluidics, and the literature, and (2) to compare the angular shift between in-house fluidics and factory fluidics caused by the cleaving of fibroblasts from the SPR sensor chip. Successful comparisons made in both experiments proved successful development of low-cost fluidics that could integrate upstream microfluidic devices.

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