Available at: http://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/theses/229
Date of Award
MS in Electrical Engineering
This project investigates the failure of various CMOS circuits as a result of Time Dependent Dielectric Breakdown (TDDB) and explores design techniques to increase the mean time to failure (MTTF) of large-scale circuits. Time Dependent Dielectric Breakdown is a phenomenon where the oxide underneath the gate degrades as a result of the electric field in the material. Currently, there are few well documented design techniques that can increase lifetime, but with a tool chain I created called the MTTF Analyzing Program, or MAP, I was able to test circuits under various conditions in order to identify weak links, discover relationships, and reiterate on my design and see improvements and effects.
The tool chain calculates power consumption, performance, temperature, and MTTF for a 'real life' circuit. Electric VLSI, an Electronic Design Automation tool, outputs a Spice file that yields parasitic quantities and spatial dimensions. LTspice, a high performance Spice simulator, was used to calculate the voltage and current data. Finally, I created MAP to monitor the voltage, current, and dimension data and process that in conjunction with HotSpot, a thermal modeling tool, to calculate a MTTF for each MOSFET.
Analysis of the data from the software infrastructure showed that transistor sizing played a role in the MTTF. To maximize the MTTF of a transistor in a CMOS inverter, the activity of the pull-up transistor should be balanced with the transistor in the pull-down chain, ensuring the electric fields are balanced across both transistors. While it is impossible to completely balance an arbitrary CMOS circuit's activity for an arbitrary set of input signals, circuits can be intelligently skewed to help maximize the MTTF without increasing power consumption and without sacrificing circuit performance. Consequently, attaining a maximum MTTF does not come at a cost as it is possible to design a circuit with a high MTTF that performs better and uses less power than a circuit with low MTTF.