Available at: http://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/theses/1163
Date of Award
MS in Architecture - Architectural Engineering
When hollow concrete masonry is used for construction in high seismic regions, structural designs typically require fully grouted walls. The grouting process is labor-intensive, time-consuming and has a high energy demand due to requirements of consolidation in each and subsequent grout lifts. Self-consolidating grout with admixtures has been successfully used without segregation in walls of up to 12.67 ft. in height. Investigation of self-consolidating grout mixes without admixtures has potential for sustainability improvement.
This thesis reports on the compression strength and consolidation observations of self-consolidating characteristics of no vibration/no admixture grout made by substituting various proportions of Portland cement with Type F fly ash and/or ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS). The percentages of Portland cement replacement evaluated were 0%, 50%, 60%, and 70% for Type F fly ash. The percentages of Portland cement replacement evaluated were 0%, 60%, 70% and 80% for Type F fly ash and GGBFS.
Grout compressive strengths were evaluated from individually filled grout specimens constructed in concrete masonry hollow core units, dry cured, and tested after 7, 14, 28, 42, 56, and 130 days. Also, hollow concrete masonry walls were built 12.67 ft. tall and grouted. The relative performance was assessed by comparing to conventional grouted masonry and evaluating consolidation characteristics around mortar fins and reinforcement; compressive strength tests after 130 days of curing, and rebar pull-out tests were taken from various wall heights.
All experimental grouts had acceptable consolidation characteristics but fly ash replacement grouts did not meet the compressive strength requirements.