Published in Social Forces, Volume 64, Issue 4, June 1, 1986, pages 1046-1056. Copyright © 1986 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher http://uncpress.unc.edu/.
We begin with a critique of previous methods (event analysis) employed in testing deprivation theories of social movements and collective violence. Then we consider the value of group analysis through examination of the relationship between one form of deprivation (unemployment) and collective action by the unemployed in the United States from 1890-1940. By using group analysis we are able to discover that the relationship between unemployment and collective action varied considerably between 1890 and 1940, suggesting that other variables often stressed by those rejecting deprivation theories are needed for fully understanding the subject.
Social and Behavioral Sciences