Postprint version. Published in Sex Roles, Volume 42, Issue 11-12, January 1, 2000, pages 1081-1089.
Copyright © 2000 Plenum Publishing Corporation.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1007044802798.
This study is an application of social identity theory to feminist consciousness and activism. For women, strong gender identifications may enhance support for equality struggles, whereas for men, they may contribute to backlashes against feminism. University students (N = 276), primarily Euroamerican, completed a measure of gender self-esteem (GSE, that part of one’s self-concept derived from one’s gender), and two measures of feminism. High GSE in women and low GSE in men were related to support for feminism. Consistent with past research, women were more supportive of feminism than men, and in both genders, support for feminist ideas was greater than self-identification as a feminist.