Postprint version. Published in Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society, Volume 5, Issue 4, August 1, 1985, pages 307-320.
Copyright © 1985 Sage Publications.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/027046768500500401.
Progress in the technical means of monitoring to verify compliance to arms control treaties is discussed in the following areas: Real-time surveillance with charge-coupled devices in the visible and infrared; image enhancement with digital 1 image processing and with adaptive optics; imaging with radars based on satellites and on the ground; seismic monitoring with high frequency discrimination and with unattended in-country seismic stations; and nuclear weapons test monitoring with the global positioning satellite system.