Published in Physical Review, Volume 179, Issue 2, March 10, 1969, pages 578-589.
NOTE: At the time of publication, the author Richard B. Frankel was not yet affiliated with Cal Poly.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.179.578.
The Mössbauer spectra of cobalt-57-doped magnesium oxide have been studied between 1.3 and 550°K in external magnetic fields of up to 135 kOe for both single-crystal and polycrystalline samples. At room temperature and zero external magnetic field, the velocity spectrum is composed of three single lines, attributed to monovalent, divalent, and trivalent iron. In certain samples, for T2+ line undergoes a transition to a quadrupole doublet with a splitting ΔEQ=0.30±0.02 mm/sec, while in certain other samples, annealed differently, no doublet is observed down to 1.5°K. The first case is in quantitative agreement with a random-strain model proposed by Ham. The application of an external magnetic field induces a magnetic hyperfine interaction for the three charge states with saturation hyperfine fields of approximately +20, -120, and -560 kOe for Fe1+, Fe2+, and Fe3+, respectively. From these values the core polarization contribution per spin is estimated to be - 127 kOe/μB. Effects of slow paramagnetic relaxation for the Fe2+ spectrum in the presence of an external magnetic field have been observed. In addition to the magnetic hyperfine interaction, an external magnetic field induces an Fe2+ quadrupole interaction, as predicted by crystal-field theory. From the value of this interaction, ΔEQ′=0.32 mm/sec, the 57Fe nuclear quadrupole moment is estimated to be +0.21 b.
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