Postprint version. Published in Science and Engineering Ethics, Volume 16, Issue 2, December 26, 2009, pages 1-12.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11948-009-9191-9.
With multi-year funding from the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF), a team of researchers has just released a comprehensive report detailing ethical issues arising from human enhancement (Allhoff et al. 2009). While we direct the interested reader to that (much longer) report, we also thank the editors of this journal for the invitation to provide an executive summary thereof. This summary highlights key results from each section of that report and does so in a self-standing way; in other words, this summary presupposes no familiarity with the report and offers the opportunity to gain quick familiarity with its most central findings.