It is shown that electrophoretic deposition (EPD) sintering is a technological sequence that is capable of producing net-shape bulk functionally graded materials (FGM). By controlling the shape of the deposition electrode, components of complex shapes can be obtained. To enable sintering net-shape capabilities, a novel optimization algorithm and procedure for the fabrication of net-shape functionally graded composites by EPD and sintering has been developed. The initial shape of the green specimen produced by EPD is designed in such a way that the required final shape is achieved after sintering-imposed distortions. The optimization is based on a special innovative iteration procedure that is derived from the solution of the inverse sintering problem: the sintering process is modeled in the “backward movie” regime using the continuum theory of sintering incorporated into a finite-element code. The experiments verifying the modeling approach include the synthesis by EPD of Al2O3/ZrO2 3-D (FGM) structures. In order to consolidate green parts shaped by EPD, post-EPD sintering is used. The fabricated deposits are characterized by optical and scanning electron microscopy. The experimentally observed shape change of the FGM specimen obtained by EPD and sintering is compared with theoretical predictions.


Industrial Engineering | Manufacturing

Publisher statement

Published by Wiley-Blackwell. NOTE: At the time of publication, the author Xuan Wang was not yet affiliated with Cal Poly.



URL: http://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/ime_fac/96