Postprint version. Published in Intervention in School and Clinic, Volume 34, Issue 1, September 1, 1998, pages 21-32. © 1998 Sage Publications. This is the post-print version. The definitive version is available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/105345129803400103.
NOTE: At the time of publication, the author Michael Ruef was not yet affiliated with Cal Poly.
Positive behavioral support (PBS) is a comprehensive, research-based proactive approach to behavioral support that endeavors to generate comprehensive change for students with challenging behavior. It involves identifying the purpose of challenging behavior, teaching appropriate alternative responses that serve the same purpose as the challenging behavior, consistently rewarding positive behaviors and minimizing the rewards for challenging behavior, and minimizing the physiological, environmental, and curricular elements that trigger challenging behavior. Proven PBS strategies include altering the classroom environment, increasing predictability and scheduling, increasing choice making, adapting the curriculum, appreciating positive behaviors, and teaching replacement skills. Relevant sources for those interested in implementing PBS are presented.