Postprint version. Published in Urban Education, Volume 33, Issue 3, September 1, 1998, pages 331-359. Copyright © 1998 by SAGE Publications. The definitive version is available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0042085998033003003.
NOTE: At the time of publication, the author George Petersen was not yet affiliated with Cal Poly.
This study investigated teacher, district, and site administrators' perceptions of school violence and violence prevention programs in 15 school districts of various sizes in 12 states located across the United States. The study focused on: (a) school personnel fears about violence, (b) frequency of school personnel as victims of violent actions over the past 2 years, (c) areas in the school environment that pose the greatest risk of violence for students or school personnel (d) profiles of typical victims and perpetrators of violence, (e) strategies implemented by schools to deal with violence, (f) perceptions regarding which strategies were considered to be the most and least effective in dealing with violence, and (g) the cost to school districts for violence prevention. The study concluded by providing a suggested plan of action to remediate and reduce violence in schools.