Postprint version. Published in Annals of Botany, Volume 72, Issue 4, January 1, 1993, pages 315-320.
Copyright © 1993 Oxford University Press. This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Annals of Botany following peer review.
NOTE: At the time of publication, the author G.S.P. Ritchie was not yet affiliated with Cal Poly.
The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbo.1993.1113.
The cultivation of narrow-leafed lupins (Lupinus angustifolius L.) increase rates of subsoil acidification, and this is thought to be partly related to their pattern of nutrient uptake and H+/OH- excretion. The main hypothesis of this study was that H+ and OH- excretion is not distributed evenly over the entire length of the root system but is limited to zones where excess cation or anion uptake occur. Seedlings of nodulated lupins were grown in solution culture using vertically split pots that allowed the upper and lower zones of the root system to be supplied with varying concentrations of K+ and NO-3. Net H+/OH- excretion was equated to the addition of NaOH/HCl required to maintain a constant pH in the nutrient solution during a 4-d treatment period and nutrient uptake was measured by depletion from solution in each zone of the split pots.
The excess of cation over anion uptake was positively correlated with H+ excretion in each rooting zone. In zones where K+ was supplied at 1200 µM, cation uptake was dominated by K+ and up to twice as much H+ was excreted than in zones where K+ was absent. In zones where NO-3 was supplied at 750 µM, the anion/cation uptake was balanced, however H+ excretion continued to occur in the zone. When NO-3 was supplied at 5000 µM, anion uptake exceeded cation uptake but there was no OH- excretion. Organic acid anions may be excreted by lupins to maintain their internal electroneutrality when anion uptake exceeds cation uptake. Rhizosphere pH would not increase unless the pKa of the excreted organic anions was greater than the external pH.
Food Science | Nutrition