United States Patent Number: 6,137,925, October 24, 2000. 7 pages. Also available from the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Website: http://www.uspto.gov.
A polarization scrambling device randomly varies the polarization states of multiple applied optical signals. The scrambling device includes a polarization scrambler coupled to a wavelength-dependent polarization randomizer having cascaded birefringent elements in which the axes of polarization of the cascaded elements are rotationally offset. The scrambling device causes random variations in the relative and the absolute polarization states of the applied optical signals. The birefringence, lengths, and number of cascaded birefringent elements are chosen to assure that the polarization states of optical signals at the different wavelengths are sufficiently randomized, even when the applied optical signals are closely spaced in frequency.
Electrical and Computer Engineering