Published in Computer, Volume 40, Issue 12, December 1, 2007, pages 56-61.
The definitive version is available at https://doi.org/10.1109/MC.2007.433.
Despite the high costs associated with processor manufacturing, the typical chip is used for only a fraction of its expected lifetime. Reusing processors would create a "food chain" of electronic devices that amortizes the energy required to build chips over several computing generations.
Electrical and Computer Engineering
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