Published in Proceedings of the 2006 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation, July 16, 2006, pages 1815-1822.
Copyright © 2006 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE. The definitive version is available at http://ieeexplore.ieee.org.
NOTE: At the time of publication, the author Christopher Clark was not yet affiliated with Cal Poly.
Inverse kinematics is a nonlinear problem that may have multiple solutions. A Genetic Algorithm(GA) for solving the inverse kinematics of a serial robotic manipulator is presented. The algorithm is capable of finding multiple solutions of the inverse kinematics through niching methods. Despite the fact that the number and position of solutions in the search space depends on the the position and orientation of the end-effector as well as the configuration of the robot, the number of GA parameters that must be set by a user are limited to a minimum through the use of an adaptive niching method. The only requirement of the algorithm is the forward kinematics equations which can be easily obtained from the link parameters and joint variables of the robot. For identifying and processing the outputs of this GA, a modified filtering and clustering phase is also added to the algorithm. The algorithm was tested to solve the inverse kinematic problem of a 3 degree-of-freedom(DOF) robotic manipulator.